A range hood is an essential appliance for your kitchens. It helps your kitchen be neat and clean by removing harmful air and smoke while you are cooking. Sometimes it is overwhelming to choose the right kitchen hood regardless of your kitchen size and your stove’s size and which style of range hood will give your kitchen a dynamic modern look.
But don’t worry!
So, let’s get started
What is a range hood?
What is under the cabinet range hood?
What is a range hood without cabinet?
How to install range hood without cabinet?
- Plywood (According to your kitchen and stove sizes)
- Table Saw
- Kreg Jig
- Kreg Screws
- Self-Tapping screws
- 2.5 or 3-inch wood screws
- Drill / Impact Driver
- Finish Nailer and Nails
- Wood Glue
- Wood Screws (According to your needs and sizes)
- Stud Finder
First, you must create support that holds your range hood perfectly.
Installation process 1
(For installing your range hood through the wall)
1. Check and Verify Parts of range hoods
In general, I like to test the appliances thoroughly prior to installation. As a homeowner, you should ensure that all components actually arrive in the box.
I also suggest that you take away the range hood. Set it on your kitchen counter and plug it into it.
2. Mark the Range Hood on the Wall
The port should go to the exterior of the building. This is where air escaping from the kitchen will go.
Its best practice to ensure that the chimney can be able to reach the ceiling too.
When you’re sure of your hood’s location, you can outlet it is using a pencil. You can add screw holes using the pencil. Use the screwdriver and screws to fix it to the wall by making drilling holes in the rear of the range hood and into the wall. Make sure you utilize at least 4 screws to attach your hood onto the wall.
3. Turn off your kitchen electricity power supply
Shut down the power supply for the kitchen. Ensure that there isn’t any power supply to any outlets and other equipment in your kitchen.
4. Unite Range Hood to Wall
After making a mark on the range hood’s screw holes in the wall, you’ll be able to drill the holes in the wall.
Set the range hood on the wall. And align it with the pre-drilled holes and the plastic anchors. Then, utilize the supplied screws to secure the bracket as well as the range hood against the wall.
5. Connect the Duct
After you’ve secured the range hood to the wall, you’ll be able to connect the flex duct to the outlet at the top of the collar.
Most range hood ducts will be constructed from flexible metal or foil. Metal ducting that is rigid is preferred because it enhances the flow of air. However, it can be difficult to install.
I suggest securing your duct onto the highest quality hood using aluminum foil that won’t melt when exposed to high temperatures. If you attach the pipe using an elastic zip tie made of plastic, the duct could melt.
6. Install the chimney
Similar to the installation of the range hood, you’ll be required to drill holes for the chimney bracket on top, then you can insert the anchors for the drywall. After that, you’ll be able to secure the chimney’s upper bracket by using the screws provided.
7. Connect Duct to the Vent
After you have secured your chimney’s bracket, you’ll be required to complete the ducting work before you can put the chimney up.
If you have an air duct inside the wall of the previous kitchen hood, connect them using aluminum foil.
8. Fully Install Chimney
After connecting your chimney with the vent pipe or orienting it to the outside then you can extend the chimney completely and be sure that it’s secured.
All you need to do is to slide the outer chimney towards the ceiling and align the sides using a chimney bracket, then fix it using the supplied screws.
9. Plugin the range hood & Install the Filters
Once you’ve secured the chimney, the only thing you need to do is attach the range hood and then insert the filters. The filters are usually baffled or aluminum mesh filters.
Installation process 2
(For installing your range hood through the ceiling)
1. Check and Verify Parts of range hoods
As mentioned, I above always test the appliances thoroughly prior to installation, and also I would suggest homeowners to ensure that all components actually arrive in the box.
The best way to test your range hood is to set it on your kitchen counter and plug it into it. Examine all the fan speeds as well as the timers, lights as well as any other features that the hood has. The most important thing is to complete the task of installing the hood find out that you’re missing an element, or the hood isn’t functioning in a proper manner.
2. Take Measurements
Before you attach your ceiling bracket, you need to ensure that the hood of the range is precisely centered over the stove or range. Plumb bobs are a line with a weight that can aid in locating your dead center.
It is also necessary to measure the cooktop to ensure that the lower section of the hood is between 24″ to 36″ above the cooking surface. If it’s off by a few inches, it’s fine. If the hood’s position is not close to the stove, and it isn’t vented correctly, it can cause an issue and could influence the quality of the indoor air.
Another factor to take into consideration is the ‘line-of-sight’. Most homeowners will not want a range hood that restricts their vision.
3. Pencil out Mounting Bracket
Once you’ve found the middle, mark it using a pencil.
It is suggested to sketch out a drawing for the bracket on your ceiling and also the holes to screw. There is a possibility to fix the ceiling bracket on the ceiling and mark the lines, or the manufacturer could offer a template for the ceiling on paper. Make sure you have a ceiling that is in line with the stove.
4. Install Vent Hose to Hood
The range hood is on top of the counter or in a flat space, and then connect the vent’s top pipe that is elastic to the outlet to draw air to exit from the hood of the range.
Attach your vents to the hood applying foil tape.
5. Secure Ceiling Bracket
Install the ceiling bracket on an upper part of the ceiling, directly below the cooktop or range.
Utilize a 5/16-sized drill to create pilot holes in the drywall. Install the drywall anchors into the ceiling holes. Then, put the ceiling bracket into the holes and screw the screws in to secure the bracket.
If the range hood you have is too heavy to support anchors made of plastic, you’ll need to fix the chimney bracket onto the ceiling’s joists. If the ceiling joists don’t seem evenly spaced or not centered, it is possible to build support made of wood over the joists so that your bracket is secured to wood.
6. Attach Upper Supports
After you’ve secured the bracket to the ceiling, you’ll have to connect the chimney support to it. Simply place the four legs in line and with the edges of the ceiling bracket and ensure that they are aligned with the holes that are for screws. Then, you’ll be able to simply attach the supports to the bracket.
7. Connect Lower, Upper Supports, and Flex Duct
After the lower supports have been attached to the hood and the top supports are joined via the bracket to the ceiling, you will be capable of connecting them. It is important to have another person who can help you to hold the top of your range when they connect.
The range hood is supported by its supports. You’ll need to extend the flex pipe until you reach the duct, which is located within the ceiling. Join the two conduits applying foil tape.
8. Connect the Electrical Wiring
Now is the time to connect the electrical wire to the conduit hanging out of the ceiling.
Verify that the wire is not being used by using an un-contact voltage tester. Also, make sure the circuit breaker has been turned off.
Attach the terminals in black with the black terminal and connect the white terminal to a white and green connection to the terminal on the ground. There might be additional wiring to be connected, so referring to the manufacturer’s instructions is recommended. If you are unsure, get a professional electrician is advised.
9. Connect Inner & Outer Chimneys
Once you have connected the flex duct, it is now time to have to align and join the chimney components.
You’ll need to place the inner and outer chimney sleeves, then fasten these to support using the screws provided. These four parts of the chimney need to be joined to each to the opposite sides where they touch.
For the purpose of securing the chimney’s bottom parts to the range hood, you’ll need to take off the filters. You secure the chimneys by inserting screws into the lower part of the chimney range hood.
10. Plugin the range hood & Install the Filters
Once you’ve put the chimney in place completely and then you are done, all you need to do is attach the range hood and then insert the filters. The filters can be aluminum mesh or baffle filters.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can you install a range hood without a vent?
The range hoods with no vents are referred to as ductless range hoods or non-vented range hoods. They usually have the recirculating kit that is attached to the top part of the hood. There are also charcoal filters to trap dirt, cooking odors, and grease out of your kitchen.
These filters are located in the hood. They are used for collecting food grease and trapping odors when air flows through the exhaust hood. The recirculating system then moves the air that has been filtered back into the kitchen.
How do you install a ductless range hood?
Yes, you can easily install a ductless range hood or non-vented range hood. We will tell you the whole installation process in 7 simple steps.
1. Before installation check your range hood first.
3. Dry fit the range hood with cabinet jack and plywood.
4. Mark screw holes with a pencil, drill the holes, and install brackets.
5. Pull the power cord, fasten the range hood to the cabinet.
6. Plug the power cord into the cabinet outlet.
7. Install the carbon filters for the ductless hood.
Can you mount an under-cabinet range hood to the ceiling?
Yes, you can. A lot of kitchen hoods are attached to cabinets that are placed over the hood. Certain homeowners prefer to install the hood directly on the ceiling and remove the cabinet on top. Despite the absence of a cabinet, the range hood is installed similarly and is bolted onto the ceiling instead of cabinet hoods.
Do ductless range hoods remove smoke?
A ductless or non-vented range hood doesn’t vent away from the house Instead, it takes the smoke and dust from the kitchen air and filters it through a carbon or charcoal filter, before releasing it back to the room. While this approach isn’t as effective as vented hoods, but it is effective.
What is a ductless hood vent?
What do you do if your kitchen doesn’t have a hood?
The absence of a range hood is a major problem in homes with a rental kitchen. Here are 5 tricks that will help if your kitchen isn’t equipped with a range hood.
1. Use a ventilation fan. (Near the kitchen window)
2. Use a grease splatter guard.
3. Clean your kitchen frequently.
4. Add a HEPA air filter to your kitchen.
5. Add a CO Meter if you’re using a gas stove.
Can you add a hood to a kitchen?
Answer: Yes, you can add a kitchen hood to your kitchen. Range hood normally removes unwanted contaminants, cooking fumes from your kitchen Before choosing a range hood for your kitchen think about your cooking setup, cooking space, cooking style, cooking surfaces, and mostly about your cooking habits. A proper ventilation system makes your kitchen clean.
Can you vent a range hood through a wall?
Yes, you can vent the range hood through the wall. Wall and under cabinet range hoods can be vented to walls on the inside. Venting a range hood onto an interior wall can appear daunting. If you’re confident in DIY you will save money by installing it yourself. However, if you’re not confident, would recommend hiring an expert local to put in the hood.
Can you cook without a range hood?
Yes, you can cook but it’s not safe though. Because when you cook it produces lots of smokes, odors and other harmful contaminants like carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide. If you don’t have adequate airflow, these toxins can stay in your kitchen, and then spread into other areas within your home.
Is it OK to have a stove without a hood?
Natural gas is the main source part of indoor pollution that comes from your cooking. Even using an electric stove, A powerful range hood will keep the fumes and smoke from your kitchen to a minimum. It also helps keep drops of grease off surfaces and kitchen appliances.
Are Range Hoods Necessary?
Yes. A range hood is designed to keep cooking emissions, chemicals, and smoke from your kitchen. It enhances indoor air quality as well as streamlines the cooking process.:
Installing a range hood is a daunting task especially you never come across before how to do it perfectly. But we hope that our article on how to install range hood without cabinet helps you to install your vent hood successfully.
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