How to Install a Kitchen Hood Vent through the Wall

A range hood vent is an important piece of equipment that most homeowners should have in their kitchens. It helps filter all the odors, grease, and bad smell in your kitchen, giving your kitchen a good, fresh, and welcoming smell. Installing a new cooker hood vent on the interior wall may require some steps and time. It doesn’t matter if you don’t know as you’re in the right place, because you’ll learn how to do it by yourself and you won’t need the help of a technician. This blog post provides a comprehensive guide on how to install a kitchen hood vent through the wall and getting quality results.

Why should you install a cooker hood vent on the interior wall?

cooker hood installation

Have you ever noticed how smoke can lead to discomfort and even choking in the kitchen? Removing this smoke is usually a difficult task for most homeowners. Nevertheless, a kitchen hood vent can be the best solution for this problem and offers more than just getting rid of the smoke. Here are some of the key benefits of having the appliance in your kitchen:

1. Ventilates your kitchen

The key purpose of a kitchen hood vent in your kitchen is for ventilation. The equipment ensures the removal of any steam and smoke in your kitchen. When cooking, there are certain times when you can’t prevent the generation of smoke, especially if your pan can’t stop smoking up. It’s good to install the kitchen hood vent to avoid worrying about the smoke interfering with your favorite meal or causing discomfort.

Read Also: how does a kitchen hood work

2. Keeping the grease out

After cooking your favorite meal for several hours, it’s so annoying only to realize that the grease or smoke has messed up your meals. The grease might build upon the kitchen walls for some time while you’ve been using the kitchen. A kitchen hood vent will be essential in absorbing any grease building up on certain parts of the kitchen walls.

range hood through the roof

3. Air quality

Various medical researchers have linked respiratory cancers to the smoke in most kitchens, as the smoke may contain some harmful chemicals. Exposing your body to such conditions will predispose your body to respiratory diseases. Installing a proper functioning range hood vent on the interior kitchen walls will greatly help get rid of the smoke, improving the air quality. Thus, you don’t need to worry about the health implications of the smoke.

4. Reduces heat

Cooking generates a lot of heat in the kitchen, which is usually uncomfortable for those using the kitchen. Installing a cooker hood vent will produce a magical solution to getting rid of any heat in the kitchen. Thus, making the kitchen environment conducive for anyone as there will be no excessive heat.

Read Also: how to install cooker hood through the roof

Types of range hood vent you need to consider for installation

different types of kitchen hood

Before you understand how to install a kitchen hood vent through the wall, it’ll be great to evaluate the types of range hood vents and choose the most suitable one. There are several types of cooker hood vents you can choose to install in your kitchen. This range hood vent offers different properties; thus, it’s important to choose the one that suits your needs. Below are the common models of kitchen hood vents you need to consider:

1. Canopy hoods

The canopy hood vent is the most popular due to its affordability compared to the other models’ price and installation process. They have a CMF ranging from 300 to 800, and some models will have a higher value than this. Lastly, this range hood vent is very flexible when installing it, as you can mount it anywhere; under the cabinet, soffit, and even on any part of the kitchen walls.

Canopy hoods

2. Chimney hoods

Most homeowners will usually choose this as a more elegant option. You can either install it on the walls or the ceiling in the kitchen. Anyone can notice the cooker hood vent because while installing, the homeowner doesn’t cover it. Its CMF ranges between 300 and 800. According to your needs, you can choose the exhausting power that you need.

Learn More: How to survive in a kitchen without a cooker hood

3. Downdraft range hood

It has a flexible and compact design, thus making it easy for you to install it next to any cooking appliance. The main disadvantage of this type of range hood vent is that it takes a small amount of space while installing. Additionally, it represents the most powerful range hood vent, having a CMF of up to 1200 CFMs.

Installing of the kitchen hood vent on the interior wall

tools for vent hood

Material and equipment you need

Before you begin the installation, you require having the following material and equipment:

Power drill- for mounting the cooker hood on the wall

Hole saw- for making holes on the kitchen walls

Screwdriver – when installing the vent, you’ll use a screwdriver to tie the screws.

Level ruler – for leveling the unit properly before moving to the next step.

Stud finder – you’ll use to find studs for mounting the hood vent on the wall.

Pencil and tape measure – for making the locations for installing or mounting the unit properly.

Step by step guide on how to install your kitchen hood vent through the wall

When installing a cooker hood vent, it’ll be important to follow the steps below carefully for you to attain an effective installation process. Failure to follow the process strictly, you’ll get undesired results. Below are key steps on how to install a kitchen hood vent through the wall:

Step 1. Take the measurements

It’ll be good to start by measuring the distance between the kitchen hood and cooktop before installing. Experts recommended the distance should be 30 inches above the cooktop for the kitchen hood vent to work properly. Take the tape measure, get to the 30-inch mark off the cooktop and draw a line. After which, draw another vertical line up to the ceiling.

Step 2. On the wall, identify where the studs are

drilling a hole for ducthood

Take the stud finder, then move it on the wall. It’s good to press the button while moving it slowly until you find the stud’s outside edge. After finding the outside of the stud, make a mark that will help you to identify it. Then, start finding the other stud edge while taking the other direction. You’ll need to find the second stud, which should always be 16 inches in the opposite direction of the other stud.

Step 3. Drill a hole for ductwork

perfect hole for kitchen hood

You’ll need to drill a hole meant for the ductwork. This hole will be important for venting the smoke from the kitchen to the outside. When drilling the hole, hook up the hole saw to the drill and drill through the wall slowly and carefully. As the hole gets into the walls, it’ll be good to remove the plaster pieces and throw them away. It ensures effective drilling of the hole.

hole for vent hood

After removing the plaster pieces, you should keep drilling the hole. Then, change the drill bit and locate the location you’ll need to drill outside. Drill until you see daylight from the inside. Move to the outside of the house and locate the hole you had drilled. Then drill through the sidings. Through the hole, ensure you slide the hood’s vent and ensure you screw it from the outside, and install the elbow.

Step 4. Draw the lines

Identify where you drew the 30-inch mark off the cooktop. Just above the mark, you’ll have measured a hood’s back and draw a horizontal line. It’s the range where you’ll place the hood. Then on the hood, measure the distance in between the two holes.

Using the same distance measurement between the two holes on the hoods, draw an exact line on the wall. Drawing the exact stud line allows you to identify them. The line will provide you with the exact location where you will drive for the screws you’ll use to fit in. Then drive through the location you need to install the hood and, using the drill, place the screws. After placing the drills then hang up the hood.

Step 5. Installing the kitchen hood wall vent

Installing the kitchen hood wall vent

After that, install the screw into the studs. You should identify the studs because the kitchen hood is now on the lines you had drawn to help you identify the studs. To identify the studs, lift the hood gently and check for the studs lines. After seeing them through the hood, back drive them in and carefully install the screw using the screwdriver. It’s important to follow the procedures carefully to prevent the unit from falling off.

Then take the elbow and place it right in the cooker hood vent. Ensure the elbow fits well in it for an effective installation process. Then on the elbow’s bottom, you’ll wrap it around using aluminum tape. Wrapping it using aluminum tape will ensure that you secure the unit.

Step 6. Installing the chimney

Installing the chimney

To install the chimney successfully, you’ll need to ensure that you install the ceiling bracket. You must place the chimney bracket’s center directly in line with the centerline you had drawn. For effective functioning of the ceiling, you must ensure that you install it to the ceiling.

successful set up kitchen hood

Place the chimney on the cooker hood base’s top and secure it. You’ll effectively secure the chimney by using a screwdriver to install the screw on the hood’s base. After this step, you’ve successfully installed your range hood vent on the interior wall; it’ll be good to test if it’s fully functional.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the CFM on the kitchen hood vents?

The CFM represents the Cubic Feet per Minute. It shows the amount (volume) of air the cooker hood exhausts from the room.

How can I determine my hood size?

When determining the hood’s size, it’ll be important to note the width of the hood needs to exceed the range’s width by 8 inches. However, if the surrounding cabinet space prevents the extra space, you can use the same available space. If you’ve got a high ceiling, you can extend the hood canopy to the ceiling; alternatively, you can vent it through the back or top.

Do all the exhaust hoods have to vent on the outside of the house?

Yes, all the exhaust hoods need to vent outside the kitchen. With modern technology, you can recirculate the steam the hood catches. However, it’s not effective in recirculating the steam it catches.

Learn More: how does a ductless kitchen hood work

Is it advisable to vent it into the attic?

According to most researchers, it’s evident that it’s not safe to blow air into an attic. Therefore, it’ll always be good to let the hood vent the steam and air outside. Venting into the attic can be the major cause of the fire in the home. Thus, ensure the kitchen hood vents outside mostly through the chimney.

Can you successfully install the kitchen hood without any cabinets?

Most manufacturers design a range of hoods for you to install between cabinets. However, you can easily install the exhaust hood without a cabinet, depending on the model you choose. For example, you can choose the downdrafts to range if you want to install a cooker hood vent without any cabinet. You can install this model next to any cooking appliance.

When venting your appliance, what is the best type of duct?

The best type of duct when installing it is a rigid duct. The reason being a rigid duct only requires a one-time installation process. Additionally, the rigid task has a lower maintenance cost and will serve you for a very long time. When installing your kitchen hood vent, it’s good to use materials that’ll be durable to avoid the increased maintenance cost.

Checkout: our top 5 best range hood for Asian cooking


Installing a cooker hood vent in the kitchen usually comes with improving the quality of air and aiding in the kitchen’s ventilation. However, figuring out how to install a kitchen hood vent through the wall in the kitchen becomes a challenging task if you’re doing it for the first time. Therefore, to bring the quality air back to your kitchen, you’ll need to strictly follow the steps above when installing the appliance in the kitchen without the services of a technician.

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